The BECA agreement could also be discussed when U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper arrives on March 17. However, no new defence agreements are expected to be announced during the visit. The agreement will allow India and the United States to exchange important military information, such as advanced satellite and topographic data, including maps, nautical and aerial maps, as well as geophysical, geodesic, geomagnetic and gravitational data. The BECA agreement has been under negotiation between India and the United States for more than a decade, as the previous UPA government was concerned about its impact on India`s national security, as the bilateral agreement should also allow India to share similar data with the United States. The agreement is one of the few basic agreements the United States signs with its close partners. The agreement, which will facilitate the exchange of satellite data and classified sensors, was outlined during talks on Monday between Defense Secretary Rajnath Singh and his U.S. counterpart Mark Esper. The signing of the pact will be one of the main outcomes of the two-and-a-half-party dialogue between the foreign and defence ministers of both sides. Beca is considered the last of the founding agreements signed by India and the United States. Under the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) signed in 2018, both sides share information in real time.
The two countries signed the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) in 2002 and the Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) on logistics exchange in 2016. Under the BECA agreement, U.S. forces will provide advanced navigational and avionics assistance and share geographic data with India, which will help increase the accuracy of the Indian military`s automated hardware systems and weapons, such as drones, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles. The United States had shared beCA`s draft agreement with India. However, India has expressed some reservations about its national security. This was passed on to the American establishment, which maintained it for a long time.